The Defense AI Observatory (DAIO) at the Helmut Schmidt University in Hamburg monitors and analyzes the use of artificial intelligence by armed forces. DAIO comprises three interrelated work streams:
DAIO is an integral element of GhostPlay, a capability and technology development project for concept-driven and AI-enhanced defense decision-making in support of fast-paced defense operations. GhostPlay is funded by the Center for Digital and Technology Research of the German Bundeswehr (dtec.bw)
Prof. Dr. Gary Schaal is head of GhostPlay and leads the DAIO team. He holds the chair in political science, in particular political theory at the Helmut-Schmidt-University. He is co-director of the German Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies and leads an interdisciplinary research network on maritime security. He has studies political science, German philology, and philosophy at the FU Berlin.
Dr. Heiko Borchert is DAIO's co-director, Associate Fellow at the Center for Advanced Security, Strategic and Integration Studies, Bonn, and runs a strategic affairs consulting boutique. He studied international relations, business administration, economics, and law at the University of St. Gallen, where he also got his Ph.D.
Torben Schütz is a PhD candidate at the Helmut-Schmidt-University and Associate Fellow at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP). As a DAIO Research Fellow he is in charge of the team's work on conflict pictures and conflict dynamics. Torben Schütz has worked for the German Council on Foreign Relations and the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik/German Institute for International and Security Affairs. He holds a master’s degree in political science from Leibniz University Hannover.
Dr. Joseph Verbovszky is DAIO's Research Fellow for defense technology-industrial affairs. Before joining DAIO, he worked in the areas of international coordination and strategic analysis at different defense companies. He holds a master’s degree in international relations and economics from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He graduated with a PhD on German Structural Pacifism from the University of the Bundeswehr München.
DAIO Study 21|01
What Military Conflicts in Ukraine, Syria, Libya, and Nagorno-Karabakh (Don’t) Tell Us About the Future of War
Heiko Borchert, Torben Schütz, Joseph Verbovszky